ETHICS & INTEGRITY : Ethics And Integrity-Theory

Ethics And Integrity-Theory

The basic objective of introducing " Ethics and Integrity" paper as a part of General Studies i.e. IV th paper by the expert committee was to assess the aptitude of a candidate for becoming a prudent Civil Servant. Coincidentally, this subject had never been a part of University Curriculum, hence proper text book is not available in the market. Few scholars ventured to write on the topics covered in the syllabus of the Civil Services. But, surprisingly, students who had revised these books also not finding it to help them to score more. Why so !! In fact, UPSC expects a student to be original and with integrity in thought and action. The hall mark of integrated personality is being tested by posing innovative questions (which are not finding its place in any text book) and by putting you in peculiar ethical dilemma, where there is no best ready made answer, but your originality will pay, your honesty in approach will be rewarded. In the upcoming SAVE classes, you will find an unique approach to deal with the syllabus.


There is enough brain-storming in any institution before framing a syllabus, UPSC is no exception. When this subject was introduced in 2013, preparation for shortlisting the topics and concept was being done for quite a period. Much debate took place, and each and every topic of the syllabus was throughly examined. Hence students must study each and every part of the syllabus with alacrity and concentration and try to introspect the virtues inherent to his personality. If one honestly does this the foundation for future classes are well laid. 

Chapter-1-B- Ethics and Human Interface

The basic objective of inclusion of this chapter as a first chapter of the syllabus was to acquaint the students to the concept of ethics which has been a subject of study in few Administrative Training Institutes and Reputed Management Institutes of the world. This chapter make you acquaint with the terms and key concepts taken from philosophy and Psychology. 

Chapter-1-C- Value and Human Interface

Value, Value System, Human Values all seems interchangeable in common parlance, but should be used cautiously in the examination by the students. For this, student should have some idea about 'Origin of Values' and psychological input given on this topic by Sigmund Freud or Ericsson. 


After acquaintance with the concept of Origin of Value, concept of ethics and morality, we are ready to appreciate the concept of "Attitude", which is thematically a topic related to psychology. But, it is having a wide application in motivation and persuasion which is the essential prerequisite for a civil servant. That is why, we are encountering with one or two direct or indierct question from this topic. 

Chapter-3-Emotional Intelligence

While dealing with the complex situations in life , especially which are emergent too, the emotional quotient matters. UPSC, also tends to pose such types of situations in Case Studies type of question in the subject- "Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude ". A civil servant is expected to deal with such situation effectively and pragmatically in limited time frame. A theoretical knowledge of Emotional Intelligence is needed not only to answer direct questions from this chapter but also to deal with the Case Studies type of questions in the examination. 

Chapter-4- Contribution of Moral Thinkers and Philosophers from India and World

What should be the best course of action based on the concept of morality and ethics, a prudent man always seeks answers from the ideologies, preaching of Moral Thinkers and Philosophers. It is also expected from a Civil Servant to understand and appreciate the view points of Philosophers and Moral Thinkers to find a solution of the problem by analysing the alternative on moral and philosophical foundation. In this chapter, we will understand the good account of Philosophy which should subconsciously imbibed by us to express our views in examination and environment, when questions are asked from this domain. 

Chapter-5-Aptitude for Civil Servants

Aptitude for Civil Servant is an applied part of the subject " Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude". This chapter not only deals with the practical aspects of rule position (from an effective citizen point of view) but also with the required psychological endowment of an administrator.Since 2013 on wards, we always expect one question from the topics discussed below. 

Chapter-6-Governance and Public Service

In today's scenario, Governance is an inclusive word and is a comprehensive domain of administration in which the role of administrator has metamorphosed to become as a facilitator. This chapter is the foundation which is important not only from theory point of view, but also from the point of view of 'Case Study'. We do find that the concepts learnt here are of use in GS Paper II also. 

Chapter-7-Probity in Governance

Transparency in administration and accountability in his function has become the hallmark of ethical governance. We find maximum representation of questions from this chapter in the question papers of the examination. Students, who are having paucity of time of revision of the entire syllabus before the examination, must find time to revise this important chapter before the real date of examination.