Polity & Governance : Indian Polity And Governance
Indian Polity And Governance
General Studies Paper-II, which carries 250 marks in the Main Examination and represented by almost 23- 25 questions (out of 100) in PT examination has been scientifically deliberated in three sections, namely- 1. Polity and Governance in India (covering Constitution of India); (2) Internal Security of the Nation, and ; (3) Inter National Relation. The static portion of the syllabus has been dealt through SAVE classes in this Paper in the succeeding classes. But, as we go through the question papers of the previous year (especially of 2014 and 2015), we find that most of the questions of GS Paper –II ( Particularly of International Relation and Internal Security of the nation) have tone and fervour from the Current Affairs and those events which are persisting since last two –three years. Now the question arises, how can we deal with these types of questions? To answer this pertinent question, we have devised a well proven strategy- we broadly deal such dynamic aspect through SAVE classes in “Views on News” section, where we discuss such issues in historical, social, economic and Political purview. Covering these issues, I do recommend to go through three references also viz; The Hindu Newspaper, Yojana Magazine and Civil Services Times magazine. I do refer these and other references also, and deal these topics in analytical manner vis-à-vis the expectation of civil services examination. Students are advised to go through the Syllabus of GS Paper-II which must be seen on regular basis. Studying the syllabus and the last year question papers helps the students to focus and plan him/her as per the requirement of Civil Services Examination. Organising oneself on daily basis and practicing with last year questions are the key of good preparation.
Chapter-1 An Introduction to GS-Paperr-II
An analytical review of the syllabus is a pre-requisite before starting the content of the paper. One must know the relevance of every topic vis-a-vis the scope of the questions set in the previous year examination. This will set the tune of your study which will be more focused and organised. Even while you study News paper or listening debate, you will be able to filter the relevant from the junk!
Chapter-2- Salient Features of Indian Constitution
Basic understanding of the constitution is a pre-requisite for a Civil Services Aspirant. The preamble is the soul of the Constitution. Students are required to assimilate the concepts enshrined in the constitution and to use it profusely in essay paper and in course of interview in order to make the point straight.
Chapter-3- Fundamental Rights (FRs)
FR are the basic structure on which the embodiment of entire constitution is built upon. That is why, most of the time questions are asked in PT (3 to 4 question every year) and one or two question from this chapter.
Chapter-4- Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP)
DPSP are not enforceable by court as FRs, but these are the basic guidelines for framing the policies of the Government and are socially justiciable, hence assimilation of the basic inherent virtues of DPSP is much more required for a Civil Servant, which are definitely tested by UPSC either in this paper or at any other place like Paper-IV, Essay or in interview.
Chapter-5-Fundamental Duties and Bases of Constitution
Fundamental duties are though a part of DPSP but of late in essay paper and in ethics paper this aspect is expected to find prominence in certain type of question, hence basic understanding of the phrases used in this chapter is useful at so many places.
Chapter- 6- Parliamentary Form of Government and Federal Set up
This chapter is the main body of the constitution, which covers salient points like Centre- State Relation , Emergency Provisions etc. Students are advised to make their own notes after listening the SAVE Classes
Chapter-7- The Parliament and its Proceedings
This chapter deals with the most critical and technical aspect of our constitution and a thorough study of these topics in an analytical manner is utmost needed. Students must pause in between the SAVE classes, note down the Articles and the key word and practice the answer writing with the last year question paper is the key for mastery over the concepts dwelt upon in this chapter.
Judiciary has rightly been dealt under one chapter , as judiciary is integrated and prominence of the concepts related to judiciary is finding its place in question paper every year.
We do find that this chapter find its prominence in question papers in PT and Mains.
Chapter-10-Local Self Government
Panchayati Raj Institution and Urban Local Government are dealt under this chapter , which is a favourite topic for UPSC examination. This chapter must be linked with community development, practices in different local bodies reflected in News Papers and in Yojana. Students are advised to go through the “Polity” section of Our “Views on News” to complement the concept learnt here.