History : Modern India

Modern India

During the late 16th and the 17th Centuries, the European trading companies in India competed with each other ferociously. By the last quarter of the 18th Century the English had outdone all others and established themselves as the dominant power in India. The British administered India for a period of about two centuries and brought about revolutionary changes in the social, political and the economic life of the country. The British imperialism reached its zenith between the middle of the nineteenth century and the First World War. The exploitative policies of the British in India saw the birth of nationalist agitation against it. With increasing intrusion of aliens in their lives, a group of middle class Indians formed the Indian National Congress (1885).The anti British struggle became truly a mass movement with the arrival of Mahatma Gandhi (1869 - 1948). It was followed by numerous movements against the British rule. With the passage of time and stubbornness of the Indians the British had come to realize that the day was not far off when they will have to quit India. Successive campaigns had the effect of driving the British out of India in 1947, but with independence came the independence of the country into Pakistan.

Chapter-1- British Conquest in India and Consolidation of it's Power

With the disintegration and decay of Mughal Empire, a fallout of Marathas in the third battle of Panipat,

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Chapter-2 - Social Awakening and Sepoy Mutiny

With the spread of modern education and with the visionary approach of statesman and social reformers, social awakening

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Chapter-3- Nationalist Movement

Sepoy Mutiny 1857, was in fact "the First Battle for Independence" surged a way for nationalist movement across

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Chapter-4- Swadeshi Movement

The Nationalist Movement moved to a new height under the aegis of Bal, Pal, Ghosh etc and many

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Chapter-5-Struggle for Swaraj


After the First World War (1914-18) the Britishers became adept in their startegy of ‘Represssion and Conciliation’ to

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Chapter-6- Freedom Movement- the Last Phase

With Simon Commission a new phase of political struggle statrted in India. There was growth of socialist ideas

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Chapter-7 Governance under British Rule and People's Movement

In this chapter we will discuss about- A critical analysis of British Policies in India,

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